She suffered from Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis and was currently treated with prednisone and methotrexate. She was previously treated with hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) 200mg bid (6.5mg/kg) for 10 years, which was stopped one year prior to presentation. Doses of plaquenil Plaquenil and inflammation Jan 05, 2020 Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil and chloroquine cause ocular toxicity to various parts of the eye such as the cornea, ciliary body, and retina. Chloroquine can also induce cataract formation; however, no reports of hydroxychloroquine and cataract have been reported. This article focuses upon hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. Disease Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. RCOphth Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine Retinopathy Screening Guidelines. and risk factors for hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity and to determine dosage levels that facilitate safe use of. Review of systems: Blurred vision, halos, dry eye, dry mouth, gastroesophageal reflux, joint pain Pupils: Reactive to light in each eye from 5 mm in the dark to 2 mm in the light. Extraocular movements: Full, both eyes (OU) Confrontation visual fields: Full OU Intra-ocular pressure The optic nerves appeared healthy with a 0.3 cup-to-disc ratio. Past Ocular History: None Medical History: Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis, supraventricular tachycardia, anxiety, depression, peptic ulcer disease Medications: prednisone, methotrexate, amitriptyline, ranitidine, estradiol, tizanidine, diltiazem, Restasis Allergies: codeine, droperidol Family History: heart disease, arthritis, cancer Social History: occasional alcohol but no tobacco or intravenous drug use. Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine retinopathy screening for drug toxicity Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine • LITFL • Toxicology., Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American. Chloroquine drug bankPlaquenil with zybanPlaquenil teeth side effects To reduce the incidence of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine toxicity, health care providers HCP's that prescribe these medications and those that screen for ocular toxicity have developed clear dosing and screening protocols that have reduced the risk of end-stage disease; bull's eye maculopathy and central vision loss Level I. Chloroquine And Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity - StatPearls.. PDF RCOphth Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine Retinopathy Screening.. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine.. Hydroxychloroquine is a front-line treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus and other rheumatic diseases, but can cause retinopathy. Improved detection techniques for the early stages pre. Marmor MF, Kellner U, Lai TY, Melles RB, Mieler WF, American Academy of Ophthalmology. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy 2016 Revision. Ophthalmology. 2016 Jun. 123 61386-94. Mason CG. Ocular accumulation and toxicity of certain systemically administered drugs. Screening for hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. The aim of screening is not to prevent retinopathy but to detect the earliest definitive signs of the. condition, before a patient notices any symptoms. The risk of getting hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. is negligible unless you have been taking the drug for at least five years, so you will only.